Care for baby skin
It began to appear at 2 months, and was more serious at about 4 months. The addition of complementary foods started to improve, and generally disappeared at about 2 years old.
Infant eczema is primarily caused by intolerance or allergies to ingestion, rehabilitation or contact.
It may be caused by one or more allergens, such as: hair, chemical fiber products, chemicals, soap, sunlight, ingestion of allergenic food, changes in external temperature and humidity, etc.
If parents have a history of allergies, infants have a higher rate of eczema.
Breastfeeding mothers can also cause eczema in infants if they inhale fish, shrimp, crabs, etc.
About 20% of the proteins in infants’ milk have different levels of intolerance, often manifested as varying degrees of eczema, and severe cases may develop diarrhea or even blood in the stool.
Generally infants are intolerant to protein in milk, but individual infants are intolerant to protein in breast milk.
Eczema caused by intolerance to milk is alleviated by the gradual reduction of the baby’s demand for milk after the addition of complementary foods, and the gradual increase of tolerance to milk.
If some babies add supplementary food for 6 months, the rash is not only bad, but it is getting heavier. Allergic rhinitis and even allergic spasms may be caused by sensitivity to something in the food.
What is eczema?
The initial manifestation of a baby with eczema is usually a small rash on the face and jaw, which soon spreads to the entire face and even to the forehead, neck, chest, limbs, etc.
Small rashes may also be small blisters, which ooze fluid after ulceration and form yellow crusts.
The disease is mild and mild, and iterative.
Itching is unbearable during an acute attack, so the baby is irritable and crying, which affects eating and sleeping.
Coping strategies for mothers (1) Prevent breastfeeding as much as possible.
Breastfeeding mothers reduce the consumption of allergenic foods.
If you are allergic to milk, you can switch to soymilk, or heat the milk a few more times. This can supplement protein denaturation and reduce allergies.
Add egg yolk, fish and shrimp foods should be after 7 months.
Avoid excessive and wet conditions in daily care.
Although eczema is not necessarily caused by it, too much, and excessive wetness often causes exacerbations.
Underwear should be made of pure cotton products, and avoid the use of chemical fiber and wool fabrics that can aggravate eczema.
Wash your face with warm water, take a bath, and keep your skin clean; avoid using strong soaps and other toiletries.
Avoid scratching the affected area and prevent secondary infections.
If possible, staying away from allergens is the best way to prevent it.
(2) The main method of treating infantile eczema is symptomatic treatment-antirash, itching.
Anti-rash can relieve skin damage and avoid skin infections; antipruritic can relieve baby’s pain, avoid skin scratches, and prevent infections.
If the baby is in the acute stage of eczema, the skin is red, swollen, eroded, and the exudation is obvious, 1% can be used?
Wet compress with 4% boric acid solution (2 times / day). After the rash leakage is significantly reduced, absorb it with an ointment containing hydrocortisone, and stop using it after the rash subsides.
If the rash is mainly small pimples, there are a small amount of white scales or pimples and erosive surfaces, calamine lotion, zinc oxide ointment, hormones for external use (2 times / day).
Apply lotion often after the rash improves, which can prolong the time to remission.
If secondary infections occur, antibiotic treatment is required.
For refractory eczema, only by taking blood or skin tests to check the allergen can you really understand the cause of the allergy, and it can be performed from the root cause.
2 Seborrheic dermatitis in infants Seborrheic dermatitis is a non-infectious skin disease that is common in babies. It usually starts shortly after the baby is born.
It will gradually disappear in 4 weeks.
Its cause is not yet clear.
What is seborrheic dermatitis?
Infant seborrheic dermatitis occurs in areas rich in sebaceous glands, such as the top of the head, between the eyebrows, and behind the ears.
It started with a small pimples, which gradually expanded into irregular red patches, and the surface was covered with grayish yellow greasy scales or thin crusts.
Unlike other types of dermatitis (such as contact dermatitis), seborrheic dermatitis rarely causes itching or discomfort, and will not repeat after disappearing.
Coping Strategies for Moms After the baby has thin crusts, don’t be afraid to wash the baby’s hair. Instead, they should be more alternative than before.
Use baby shampoo and gently comb to remove scalp.
Before shampooing, use baby emollient oil or cooking vegetable oil to evenly rub the skin area, moisten it for about half an hour, and after the scalp softens, wash and comb with baby shampoo.
With vitamin B6 ointment, apply on the scalp every day, and gradually the seborrheic dermatitis will disappear.
If the crusts are hard and thick, repeat the above-mentioned treatments until the crusts are completely softened.
Without softening treatment, do not wipe hard to prevent the baby’s delicate scalp from scratching and causing scalp infection.
If the skin is still forming after the above method, or the rash spreads to the child’s face, skin and skin, a hormone-containing ointment should be used under the guidance of a doctor.
To prevent regeneration, use regular shampoo for infants.
3 diaper rash diaper rash is a very common skin problem in babies, most commonly on the back and any part of the diaper cover.
Diaper rash itself is caused by bacterial decomposition of urea in the stool to produce ammonia to stimulate the skin.
If the baby continuously touches the wet diaper, the diaper is not clean, the disposable diaper with excessive absorption for a long time, or the baby is allergic, etc., diaper rash is prone to occur.
What about diaper rash?
Diaper rashes are usually erythema with unclear edges and may have leaks, edema, exfoliation, microulcers, and pustules.
Babies with diaper rash often show signs of irritability, crying, and poor sleep.
Coping Strategies The best way to treat and prevent diaper rash is to keep your baby’s hips as clean and dry as possible.
(1) Prevent timely cleaning of urine or feces.
Change diapers in time to prevent urine from soaking the skin for a long time.
Rinse off with clean water immediately after each stool, and wipe the water with a soft towel, and apply diaper cream or cool vegetable oil after boiling.
Good at diaper selection.
The soft, white cotton cloth should be replaced as a diaper or a more breathable diaper. Even diapers and cotton diapers are used alternately, that is, ordinary diapers are used at home during the day; and diapers used at night are both economical and beneficial.Protect chest skin.
The diapers should be soaked in clean water for half an hour before washing.
Do not wash diapers with alkaline soaps. The diapers should be rinsed clean to avoid residual chemicals from irritating the baby’s skin. The washed diapers should be boiled or boiled with boiling water to remove urate. It is best to dry the diapers in the sun.Initial disinfection.
In addition, regular urination, cultivate good urination habits, reduce the baby’s chance of contact with diaper rash, and also help reduce the occurrence of diaper rash.
When infants have diabetes and diarrhea, they will aggravate the irritation of the head skin. When changing diapers in time, they should actively treat diarrhea.
(2) For the treatment of erythema, edema or blisters in the acute phase, use a 3% boric acid solution or calamine lotion to apply a wet compress and apply zinc oxide oil; if there is ulcer, use an antibiotic ointment such as 0.5% goldAmycin ointment or 0.5% neomycin ointment.
If there is no edema, only papules, scales, and scabs are the main cause, you can use calamine lotion and hormone cold cream to coat the affected area.
Severe unhealed children should use diapers less or temporarily, and expose the baby’s buttocks to the air to keep the skin dry, or use far-infrared physiotherapy in the physiotherapy department.
4 The umbilical wounds of newborn babies with umbilitis usually heal gradually within a few days after birth.
But newborn babies are very weak. If they are not properly nursed, bacteria invade the umbilical stump and reproduce there, which can cause acute inflammation.
This is umbilicalitis.
Mild umbilical inflammation shows mild redness and swelling of the umbilical chakra and periumbilical cord, and some cases have a small amount of serous secretions.
In severe cases, the umbilicus and the umbilical cord are markedly red, swollen, and stiff, with a large amount of purulent discharge and odor.
If a mother’s coping strategy is severe and severe, home care alone is not feasible.
You must seek medical treatment in time, otherwise it is easy to cause inflammation to spread, causing abdominal wall tissue inflammation, subcutaneous gangrene, peritonitis, and even sepsis.
Therefore, the coping strategy of umbilicalitis should be based on prevention.
Nursing of the umbilical cord before the umbilical cord is not replaced is a wound. The internal blood vessels are not completely closed, and a small amount of bleeding will occur. This is normal.
1 every day?Wipe the stump of the umbilical cord twice.
Use a sterile cotton swab dipped in 75% medical alcohol every day, and gently wipe around the stump of the umbilical cord and the umbilical wheel in a clockwise direction.
The cotton swab should be replaced every time, and the secretions should be gently wiped to keep the umbilical dry and clean.
After getting wet in the bath or contaminated with diapers, clean them in a timely manner according to the above steps.
The umbilicus does not need to be wrapped with gauze, nor should it be wrapped with plastic or adhesive tape to keep the umbilical dry; diapers should not cover the umbilical to prevent urine from contaminating the umbilical and causing umbilical infection.
Nursing after umbilical cord replacement After the umbilical cord is replaced, the umbilical cord root will be tender or become leaky. It usually takes several weeks to completely heal. Care should be taken to keep the umbilical cord dry and clean.
If a small amount of leakage is found at the root of the umbilical cord, wipe the umbilical cord with a sterile cotton swab dipped in 75% medical alcohol 3 times a day.
Until the umbilicus is dry and free of fluid.
Once you find purulent discharge from the umbilicus, odor or redness in the umbilicus, you should seek treatment from a doctor in time.
5 impetigo impetigo is a highly contagious bacterial skin disease, more than after birth 2?
Onset within 3 days to 2 weeks.
Occurs in skin folds, such as the groin area, axillary and wrinkle folds, and diaper areas.
Face, trunk, and extremities also occur from time to time.
What is impetigo?
Impetigo is usually a superficial blister-like pustule of varying size, with a diameter of 2?
3 mm, the diameter of herpes can reach 0.5?
The wall of the pustule is very thin and easily breaks. The liquid with a large amount of bacteria in the pustule will overlap, contaminating the surrounding skin and causing new pustules.
Some babies will develop symptoms such as fever and diarrhea. Severe cases may be complicated by sepsis, pneumonia or meningitis.
The coping strategy of the mother is to prevent the occurrence of impetigo, and she must often bathe her baby, change clothes and keep the skin clean.
Change diapers and quilts frequently.
Cut your nails to your baby in time to prevent possible skin infections when your baby scratches.
Timely treatment and other skin diseases, such as insect bite dermatitis, eczema, etc.
(2) Treatment If the baby has only a small amount of pustules, local treatment can be used. 1% of those who have crusts and exudates?
Wet compress with 4% boric acid solution; the skin around the pustules can be disinfected with 75% alcohol, and then coated with antibiotic ointment, such as Baidubang 3 times a day.
If the affected area fractures, your doctor will prescribe some oral antibiotics.
The mother must give the baby medicines on time, and give the baby medicine carefully, so as to prevent it from scratching.
To prevent cross-infection, your baby’s clothing, diapers and other daily necessities should be boiled and disinfected once a day, and bedding should be exposed to the sun.
Except for those caring at home, try not to let the sick baby touch other people.